Name: Desmoxytes purpurosea
How it made the Top 10: Millipedes (relatives of centipedes) are highly variable in appearance and coloration, but this shocking pink stands apart. The authors suggest that its gaudy coloration and habits (it sits openly on the ground and vegetation during the day) probably indicates to would-be predators that it is not edible (spiny and toxic).
Reference: H. Enghoff, C. Sutcharit & S. Panha. 2007. The shocking pink dragon millipede, Desmoxytes purpurosea, a colourful new species from Thailand (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae). Zootaxa 1563: 31-36.
Type material: Holotype, Museum of Zoology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok; paratypes, Chulalongkorn University and Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen.